Living in the Birdcage, Salonika 1916

Birdcage front salonika 1916


Birdcage front, salonika 1916

At the beginning of January 1916, 10th Division including the 6th and 7th Dublins had withdrawn from the mountains to Salonika. The first 4 months of 1916 were taken up with fortifying the city of Salonika.

Reinforcements — British, French, and French Colonials — arrived in a steady stream. By the end of the winter there were some 300,000 men on the Salonika front. Meanwhile there was little to be done but train and await the possibilities of a spring offensive. The lines stretched along the Vardar for some fifteen miles from its mouth. All this sector was held by French troops. Towards the mouth the country is marshy and not many men were needed to guard this part of the line. Further north the lines were held more strongly, and Sarrail also threw a covering force across the river and held an advanced front some six miles to the west of it. Some distance to the north of Topshin the line turned at right angles east and ran almost direct across the neck of the peninsula to the Gulf of Orfano, which was reached near Stavros. This part of the line was assigned to the British. The position was naturally strong. A large part of it was defended by the Daud Baba and other hills which cover Salonika from the north. Farther east the two lakes of Langhaza and Beshik G61 protected over 20 miles of the British front. The defences of Salonika were a formidable problem to any attacking force. Farther north, too, the Allied outposts held the hilly country between Lakes Doiran and Butkovo

But during the first four months of 1916 training and road-making were the main occupations of the expeditionary force during these months. The roads, as almost everywhere where the Turk misgoverned, were few, and, in general, deplorably bad, although since 1909 a few improvements had been planned and begun. Under the superintendence of British and French engineers the country assumed a new aspect. Before the end of 1915 there were already a number of miles of new roads round Salonika. By the end of April the number was enormously greater. Light railways were laid down, and the question of transport assumed a less hopeless aspect. For the soldiers it was a cheerless time. The country in which they were camped was swampy and sparsely inhabited. In the neighbourhood of the lakes and rivers it was malarial and later on fever was extremely prevalent.

The climate, with its violent changes during daytime and night, was a treacherous one. Up in the Macedonian hills the winter was intensely cold with heavy snowfalls. Down in the plains the temperature ranged from an average of 81 deg. Fahr. in midsummer to a minimum of 14 F. in winter. To the " Mistral " of Southern France correspond the "Vardar winds," which are particularly unpleasant during the winter months and piercingly cold. They sometimes last four or five days and make life round Salonika exceedingly un-attractive. The extremes of temperature were found very trying by the British troops. Housed in brown canvas tents it was difficult for them to keep warm in this cheerless, damp cold. Yet, on the whole, the winter was a better time than summer, which brought the flies and mosquitoes and let loose malaria on the unacclimatised foreigner. The British troops put up with these hardships with characteristic stoicism.

January 16, 1916, General Sarrail , commanding the Franch forces, was appointed supreme commander of the Allied armies in Macedonia. (Till then the British contingent, under General Sir Bryan Mahon, had been independent of General Sarrail and subject only to the orders of the Commander-in-Chief of the British Medite ranean Expeditionary Force, who was General Sir C. C. Monro, till January 9, when he was succeeded by Sir Archibald Murray).

February 3 advanced French frontier posts had a slight skirmish with Bulgarians near Lake Doiran.

February 10 General Sarrail took the precaution of occupying the right bank of the Vardar to a depth of six miles to guard against the danger of a surprise attack from the Monastir direction. Along the frontier the Greek and Bulgarian Governments mapped out a neutral zone to obviate incidents such as had occurred in December at Koritsa.

March 1 The neutral zone was violated by Bulgarian raiders at Machukovo

March 18 Bulgarians again violated neutral zone at Vetren

March 21 French troops undertake the task of expelling the invaders.

March 27 the French frontier guards were joined by British cavalry. These had a considerable amount of patrolling work to do, in the course of which chance encounters with roving Uhlans provided excitement akin to that of the old contests of the English and Scottish Border. As spring came on these skirmishes became more frequent and were supplemented by artillery duels along the frontier line.

April 18 the enemy carried out a more ambitious raid, destroying ten bridges on the railway between Doiran and Akinjali. But until the end of April there had been little serious righting except in the air.


quinine parade

May 26, a Bulgarian force suddenly advanced on the town of Rupel and the Greek Commandant surrendered this strongest of Greek fortresses after a merely nominal resistance. The key of the Struma valley was in Bulgaria's hands.

June 3 General Sarrail had now a considerable army — French, British, and Serbian — under his command and could afford to occupy a wider front and prepare for an offensive in the summer. It was arranged that Lieutenant-General G. F. Milne (who on May 9 succeeded Sir Bryan Mahon in the command of the British Salonika Army) should become responsible for that portion of the Allied front which covered Salonika from the east and north-east.

struma line 1916

June 8 the British troops began to occupy advanced positions along the right bank of the Struma from Lake Butkovo to the north end of Lake Tachinos. By the end of July, on the demobilization of the Greek Army, this occupation had been extended to Chai Agiz (" The River Mouth"), where the Struma flows into the Gulf of Orfano. Later on — between July 20 and August 2 — General Milne took over the line south and west of Lake Doiran in preparation for a general offensive.

August 17 the enemy armies invaded Greece in three main groups. On the eastern sector they advanced south from Demirhissar, the Greek troops withdrawing before them. The Greek forts of Lise and Starshiste were surrendered on demand, no resistance being offered.

August 19 the enemy communiques announced that the Vrundi Balkan (or Sharliya Planina) had been crossed. The Bulgarian armies were advancing on Seres. The allies withdrew to the right bank of the Struma. On August 21 the Anghista bridge on the Seres-Drama line was demolished by British yeomanry, engineers and cyclists in the face of the enemy's opposition, but after this operation no further obstacle was put in the way of the Bulgarian invasion of Eastern Macedonia. The British forces withdrew to the Struma-Lake Tachinos line, and left to the Greek armies garrisoning the country the task of dealing with the invader.

September 2

8135 6 SMYTHE, DENIS Lance Corporal 02/09/1916   Son of Peter and M. A. Smythe, of 7, Spring St., Huddersfield. Native of Dublin.. With B Coy


September 4

16548 6 ASTLE, JOSEPH Private 04/09/1916 26 Son of Elizabeth Taylor (formerly Astle), of 3, Victoria Terrace, Whitwell, Mansfield, Notts., and the late Samuel Astle. Native of Wheatley Hill, Co. Durham


September 5

24218 7 MURPHY , M Private 05/09/1916 na --
15314 7 PINCHEN , A H Private 05/09/1916 na --


September 8

22015 6 FEGAN, JOHN Private 08/09/1916 23 Son of Patrick Fegan, of Brookeborough, Co. Fermanagh, and the late Margaret Fegan


September 10 the Struma, which had served as a line of defence, was crossed by General Milne's troops both south and north of Lake Tachinos. Between the Lake and the Gulf of Orfano they occupied the " New Village " (Neokhori or Yeni Kioi). To the north they crossed at various points between Lake Butkovo and Lake Tachinos. Some small villages were occupied, and the Northumberland Fusiliers drove the Bulgarians out of Nevoljen, inflicting severe losses on the enemy The British troops subsequently withdrew as pre- arranged. Five days later the offensive was renewed. British forces seized the villages of Kato (or Lower) Ghoudheli, Jami Mah, Ago Mah and Komarian, and burnt them to the ground.

September 11 to 13 General Milne began a heavy bombardment of the German salient north of Macukovo, known as " The Machine Gun Knob."

13519 6 COSTELLO, WILLIAM Private 12/09/1916 45 Son of Martin and Mary Costello, of Cornmarket St., Cork; husband of Margaret Costello, of 50, Quarry Row. Merthyr Tydvil

September 13-14 the King's Liverpool Regiment and Lancashire Fusiliers stormed and occupied the enemy's position at Macukovo, killed over 200 Germans and captured 71. The work was, however, exposed to the enemy's artillery fire, and in face of his attacks in superior force it was found necessary to retire after a successful demonstration. The rest of the fighting on this sector consisted chiefly of raids on the enemy's trenches, but throughout the next two months these operations had great value in detaining considerable forces of the enemy which might otherwise have been available for the defence of Monastir. an enemy superior in nunbers along the whole line of front during the operations which culminated in the capture of Monastir. After that the lack of metalled roads and the heavy rain and snow storms precluded extensive or continuous activities.

September 18

24383 7 ROBERTS , T W Private 18/09/1916 24 Husband of Sophia Mary Roberts, of 1, Ringslade Rd., Wood Green, London


September 22

11639 6 ENNIS, CHARLES Private 22/09/1916 24 from 2nd battalion. Son of J. J. and Elizabeth Ennis, of Portobello Barracks, Dublin


September 23, in spite of a sudden rise of three feet in the river, which hampered bridging operations, a crossing was again effected and the villages and trenches occupied by the enemy were raided. Valuable reconnaissance work was effected. As the big Allied advance on Monastir proceeded it was found necessary to increase our activities on the Struma front.

15279 7 WILLIAMS, ALBERT EDWARD Private 23/09/1916 40 Son of Thomas Henry and Fanny Williams, of Warminster
17980 7 DOYLE , A Private 23/09/1916 na --
14123 7 DRUMMOND, DAVID Serjeant 23/09/1916 33 Son of David and Eliza Drummond, of Murray Road, New Scone, Perth. Native of Guildtown, Perth
24007 7 FOAKES, EDGAR ROBERT Lance Corporal 23/09/1916 23 Son of Charles and Elizabeth Foakes, of 5, Park Terrace, The Friary, Salisbury, Wilts
10042 7 HARRIS , J Private 23/09/1916 28 was in 1st battalion. Son of Frederick and Annie Harris, of 13, Lower Bridge Street, Dublin
  6 JONES, SAMUEL VICTOR CHARLES Lieutenant 23/09/1916 18 Son of Samuel and Annie Jones, of Farnham St., Cavan. Posted from 3rd battalion.
17219 7 KAVANAGH , H Corporal 23/09/1916 na --
16319 7 MILLMAN , F C Private 23/09/1916 na --
24216 7 MONTAGUE, GEORGE ALFRED Private 23/09/1916 21 Son of Mary Montague, of 21, Salmon Lane, Limehouse, London
24003 7 BEEDEN, ARTHUR Private 23/09/1916 20 with C Company. Son of Arthur Beeden, of 48, Earls Rd., Camberwell. London
16157 7 BLOUNT, ALFRED MUNSTER Private 23/09/1916 37 with D Company. Son of Clavell William Simpson Blount (Lieut. R.N.), and Elizabeth Blount, of 16, Trafalgar Terrace, Monkstown, Co. Dublin
24368 7 PARSONS, EDWARD Private 23/09/1916 23 Husband of Ethel Parsons, of 33 East Hill, St. Austell, Cornwall
24378 7 HILL, LEONARD Private 23/09/1916 21 Son of Thomas and Mary Hill, of 31, Beacon St., Walsall
17214 7 JOHN , W R Private 23/09/1916 na --
24356 7 LEWIS , P Private 23/09/1916 25 Son of Albert Lewis, of Lichfield St., Tamworth; husband of Mary Elizabeth Lewis, of 46, Cross St., Kettlebrook, Tamworth. Staffs
13853 7 MOORE , A Corporal 23/09/1916 26 Son of James Moore, of Vicar St., Tuam, Co. Galway


September 24

  7 WILSON , D E Major 24/09/1916 29 Son of Colonel C. L. and Mrs. Wilson, of Harlington, Fleet, Hants. Born at Aden


September 25

14787 7 MITCHELL , J Serjeant 25/09/1916 na --


September 26

12433 7 HAYES, HENRY Private 26/09/1916 23 Son of the late Charles and Jane Hayes


September 29-30 Taking full advantage of the superiority in artillery fire which the high ground on the right bank allowed, General Milne threw considerable forces across the river, over which the Royal Engineers had succeeded in constructing bridges. At dawn the Gloueesters and Cameron Highlanders advanced, and by 8 a.m. had won the village of Karaja Kioi Bala. On their left the other two battalions of the brigade — Royal Scots and Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders — pushed on in spite of " heavy and accurate " enemy artillery fire, and by 5.30 had occupied Karaja Kioi Zir.

14362 6 GRACE, JAMES Lance Corporal 29/09/1916 39 --


September 30 and October 1 The Bulgarians' repeated attempts to regain these two villages and failed

October 2 the position had been consolidated.

14364 6 BURNETT, GEORGE WILLIAM Lance Corporal 02/10/1916 20 Son of George and Jane Burnett, of 268, Rushmore Rd., Clapton, London
15557 6 CASSIDY, JAMES Private 02/10/1916 23 Son of Mrs. B. Connell (formerly Cassidy), of Blundell St., Edenderry, King's County
13081 6 CONNELLY , J Corporal 02/10/1916 na --
16367 6 CONNOR , G Serjeant 02/10/1916 na --
10113 6 CULLIN , T Private 02/10/1916 na Son of William Morrissey, of 78, Old Kilmainham, Dublin. DCM
9207 6 HUNWICK , F Serjeant 02/10/1916 na was in 1st battalion.
24540 6 McCORMICK, CHRISTOPHER Private 02/10/1916 na Son of John and Jane McCormick, of Dublin; husband of Margaret Lucy McCormick, of 3, Portland Street, North Circular Road, Dublin
22058 6 McGRANE , P Private 02/10/1916 na --
7167 6 McGUIRE , O Private 02/10/1916 36 Son of James and Mary Ann McGuire (nee Murray), of Dublin; husband of Margaret McGuire, of 135, Mount Pleasant Buildings, Ranelagh, Dublin
5810 6 MILLS , M Private 02/10/1916 18 Son of Peter and Anne Mills, of Lowtown, Kilmeague, Naas, Co. Kildare
16477 6 O'BRIEN , T Private 02/10/1916 na --
22090 6 ROX, ARTHUR Private 02/10/1916 34 Son of John and Ann Rox, of 36, Chapel Street, Hamilton; husband of Sarah Rox, of 14, John Street, Belfast. With D Coy
23679 6 DOYLE , P Private 02/10/1916 na --


October 3 Next day an infantry brigade composed of the Munsters and Dublins attacked and seized Yenikoi on the main road to Seres. Here they were exposed to fierce bombardments and counter-attacks, in which six or seven enemy battalions participated. In spite of their efforts, however, the Bulgarians failed to recover Yenikoi and fresh reinforcements secured the village for the British. A full account of the capture of the village of Yenikoi is given here. The 6th and 7th Dublins and Munsters were at the front line and were ordered to take the village of Jenikoj. They were successful and advanced, then being caught between their own artillery and the Bulgarians' counterattack. Confused orders meant that some men were withdrawn, others remained and the exhausted soldiers were again sent to retake the village. The total casualties in the 30th Brigade were 385 men killed, wounded or missing; 131 were 6th Dublins and 128 were 7th Dublins.

During the period from the 30th September to the 6th October 1916, when the 10th Division was in action, the admittance to hospital figures for the operation were: Wounded 836. Sick (Malaria) 554. Total 1,390.

24104 7 ADAMS , T Serjeant 03/10/1916 na --
7866 7 BELL, JAMES Corporal 03/10/1916 na Brother of Mrs. Maggie Love, of 30, Scalpcliffe Rd., Burton-on-Trent
14341 6 BOND, CYRIL Private 03/10/1916 23 Son of Tom and Alice Bond, of 40, Cross Hayes, Malmesbury, Wiltshire
8155 7 BYRNE , W Private 03/10/1916 na --
19782 7 CAFFREY, FRANCIS Private 03/10/1916 35 Son of Patrick and Mary Caffrey, of 4, Aberdeen Square, Bray; husband of Mary Ann Caffrey, of Captain's Avenue, Little Bray, Co. Dublin
12703 6 CALLAGHAN , T Lance Corporal 03/10/1916 na --
26128 7 CLARE, MICHAEL Private 03/10/1916 na Son of John Clare, of 235, Phibsborough Rd., Dublin
21908 7 CONNOR, MATHEW Private 03/10/1916 21 Son of Mary McCrosson (formerly Connor) and Thomas McCrosson (step-father) of Towend St., Strabane, Co. Tyrone
25181 7 CROWLEY , M Private 03/10/1916 na Came from 5th Bat
13219 6 DALY, DANIEL Private 03/10/1916 24 Son of Ellen Daly, of 72, James Street, Dearnley, Littleborough, Manchester. Native of Cork
16458 6 DALY , F J Private 03/10/1916 na --
16456 6 DAVIES, WILLIAM Private 03/10/1916 25 Son of James and Alice Davies
24198 7 DUANCE, MARK Private 03/10/1916 na Son of Mark Duance, of Penhole, Coads Green, Launceston, Cornwall
17201 6 FINLAN , J Private 03/10/1916 26 Son of John and Catherine Finlan, of 268, Greenland Cottages, Windy Arbour, Dundrum, Co. Dublin. In B Company
24289 7 FOSTER , W Private 03/10/1916 22 Son of Thomas Henry and Louisa Grace Foster, of 56, Princes' St., Devonport
9286 7 GEOGHEGAN, JAMES Lance Corporal 03/10/1916 21 Son of Maurice and Margaret Geoghegan, of Prospect, Lisnagry, Co. Limerick
14919 7 GOULD , T Corporal 03/10/1916 25 Son of William J. and Ellen Gould, of 27, Higham St., Walthamstow, London
14767 7 HARPER, FRANK LEITCH CQMS 03/10/1916 27 Son of Thomasina Harper, of 19, Lothair Avenue, Belfast, and the late James Harper.
24348 7 HOLMES, THOMAS, Private 03/10/1916 20 Son of Richard and Sarah Holmes, of 81, Park Lee Road, Blackburn, Lancs
15345 7 LAWRENCE, THOMAS Private 03/10/1916 25 Son of Thomas and Margaret Lawrence, of 28a, Duntshill Rd., Earlsfield, London
18865 7 MANNING, WILLIAM JOSEPH Private 03/10/1916 24 Son of Thomas James and Mary Manning, of 4, Pembroke Rd., Dublin
24350 7 MARKHAM, HENRY FRANCIS Private 03/10/1916 39 Son of Emily Markham; husband of E. E. Markham, of 12, Kingston St., Walworth, London. Was with C Company
8610 6 McGUINNESS, WILLIAM Private 03/10/1916 28 Son of Daniel and Rose McGuinness, of 29, James's Street, Dublin
23031 6 MURPHY , J Private 03/10/1916 33 Son of James and Margaret Murphy, of Dublin; husband of Teresa Murphy, of 27, Upper Dorset Street, Dublin
18890 6 NOLAN , J Corporal 03/10/1916 18 Only son of Thomas and Kate Nolan, of 4, Tram Villas, Terenure, Dublin
9011 6 O'BRIEN , P Serjeant 03/10/1916 na --
8068 6 O'REILLY, THOMAS JOSEPH Private 03/10/1916 23 Son of Thomas John and Catherine O'Reilly, of 24, Dolphin's Barn Hollow, Dublin
24060 7 PAUL, ARTHUR DENZIL Private 03/10/1916 20 Son of Arthur J. T. and Lucy Paul, of Meadow View, Perranwell Station, Cornwall
5633 6 REILLY , M Private 03/10/1916 na --
7416 7 SISSIONS , E Private 03/10/1916 32 Son of Joseph and Lizzie Sissions, of Factory Street, Maryborough, Queen's Co
27789 7 TALBOT, EDMUND GEORGE Corporal 03/10/1916 31 Son of William Rawling Talbot and Sarah Annie Talbot, of 80, Bury Rd., Brandon, Suffolk.
13001 7 TRACEY , T Private 03/10/1916 na --
17186 6 BRADY, MARK Private 03/10/1916 37 Husband of Sarah Muldoon (formerly Brady), of 77, Easterhill St., Tollcross, Glasgow. Born at Tollcross
24742 6 CARCARY, JOSEPH Private 03/10/1916 na --
10035 6 MINTON , T Private 03/10/1916 36 Son of John and Ann Minton, of Glasgow
23048 6 STAFFORD, PETER Private 03/10/1916 na --
24342 7 WATLING , A Private 03/10/1916 31 C Coy. Son of George and Annie Maria Watling, of South Nutfield, Redhill, Surrey; husband of C. J. Watling, of 3, Newhaven Rd., South Norwood, London.


October 4 Next morning the attack was carried out by the two Dublin battalions, now reorganized, the Royal Irish Rifles on the left, and the Composite Battalion on the right advancing in support.  The village was taken for the third time, on this occasion without opposition.  Work upon the consolidation of the new position, in both front line and support, was at once begun. Our barbed wire is up, and we are devoting long hours to the task of ridding the neighbouring country of the heaps of Bulgar dead. They are everywhere, in ditches, outside the houses in the far end of the village, on the Seres Road and all over the Plain. It is a disagreeable task, this disposal of the carnage, but it has to be done. The still sadder one of burying our own was soon over, for the number of our dead was wonderfully small, compared to the losses in killed which had been inflicted on the enemy.

24008 7 STAKER, WILLIAM Private 04/10/1916 22 Son of Alfred William and Alma Staker, of 59, High Street, Chichester. With B Coy
27795 6 BUTTON , R Lance Corporal 04/10/1916 39 Son of E. and R. Button; husband of A. Button, of The Green, Shouldham, King's Lynn
8712 7 O'GRADY , W Private 04/10/1916 na --
11118 7 HOWARD , W W Private 04/10/1916 22 Son of Mrs. A. M. Jones (formerly Howard), of 4, Pier Terrace, Wandsworth, London. Born at Chelsea, London


October 5, after a bombardment, the village of Nevolien was occupied, the Bulgarian garrison retiring on the approach of our infantry. By the following evening the front extended from Komarjan on the right via Yenikoi to Elisan on the left.

13155 6 TOLAN , M Private 05/10/1916 na Son of William Tolan, of Windsor, Breaghwy, Castlebar, Co. Mayo
9717 6 O'DONNELL , T L/Serjeant 05/10/1916 na --
14370 6 BELL, EDWARD Lance Corporal 05/10/1916 35 Husband of Leah Bell, of 24, Nesbitt Rd., Preston, Brighton
27821 2 BROWN, EDGAR FRANK Private 05/10/1916 28 Son of Francis Robert and Sarah Ann Brown, of Gooderstone, Stoke Ferry, Norfolk
24055 7 TABER, ALFRED GEORGE Private 05/10/1916 22 Son of Mr. and Mrs. Taber, of North London
18271 7 THORNTON, GEORGE CHRISTOPHER Private 05/10/1916 21 Originally 5th Battalion. Son of George and Ellen Thornton, of 1, St. Mary's Avenue, Mountjoy St., Dublin


October 7 a strong reconnoissance by mounted troops located the enemy on the Demir Hissar-Seres railway, with advanced posts approximately on the line of the Belica stream and a strong garrison in Barakli Djuma.

24099 7 PAYNE , W Lance Corporal 07/10/1916 na --


October 8, 1916, our troops had reached the line Agomah-Homondos-Elisan-Ormanli, with the mounted troops on the line Kispeki-Kalendra. The enemy's casualties during these few days were heavy.

24045 7 HEIB, ADOLPHUS Private 08/10/1916 22 Son of Mathias and Mary Ann Heib, of 26, Longcrop Rd., Albany Rd., Camberwell, London.
20294 6 McNULTY , H Private 08/10/1916 na --
15245 7 BYRON , W J Private 08/10/1916 na --


October 9 6th Dublin Fusiliers relieved in the front line by Royal Irish Rifles.  Large numbers were now rejoining from hospital, and the sick-list was falling rapidly as the troops became to some extent acclimatized, and - still more important - as the temperature fell. 

October 10

8107 7 NOLAN , J Private 10/10/1916 na --
8746 6 O'CONNOR , J Serjeant 10/10/1916 na --
11773 6 WALSH , M Private 10/10/1916   --


October 11 29th Brigade was restored to its basis of four battalions. 

14329 6 SAWYER, WILLIAM JAMES, W J Private 11/10/1916 29 Son of William James and Emily Sawyer, of Barking; husband of Ethel Sawyer, of 68, Boundary Rd., Barking, London


October 12 the Crown Prince of Serbia visited Jenikoj and the trenches in its vicinity and congratulated the troops upon their advance. 

October 19

20410 6 BYRNE , J P Private 19/10/1916 na --


October 31, a new Bulgarian defensive position in the large village of Barakli-Djuma, on the low ground near Butkova Lake, was successfully carried and 350 prisoners were taken. The whole country was waterlogged and the streams inordinately swollen. On the Strumna front during the same period successful laids were carried through by the Welsh and 12th Cheshire Regiments ; Kumli and Barakli villages were taken ; the Dublin Fusiliers captured the whole garrison at Prosenik. Prosenik was an important town on the railway, boasting some very fine houses, to say nothing of two large churches and a school. The Dublins captured it . In the hills beyond, the Bulgars were engaged in digging a regular maze of defences.

24871 7 PURCELL , J Private 31/10/1916 16 Son of Patrick and Norah Purcell, of Archer Street, Kilkenny


November 1 we captured Barakli Djuma, six miles south-west of Demir Hissar, taking over three hundred prisoners, and strengthened our hold on the railway north of Seres.

November 5 Nevoljen'tto the west) was again occupied,

November 8 the British forces were in possession of the line Ago Mah-Omondhos- Elishan-Ormanlu, the cavalry holding an advanced line Kispeki-Kalendhra. Not only had the enemy been pushed back, but had lost at least 1,500 men lulled, 375 prisoners and 3 machine-guns. In the opinion of General Milne the success of these operations " was due to the skill and decision with which they were conducted by Lieutenant-General C. J. Briggs, C.B., and to the excellent cooperation of all arms."

24344 7 BALDWIN , B Lance Corporal 08/11/1916 24 Son of George and Eliza Baldwin

But the floods of the Struma, the wintry weather, and the strength of the enemy prevented us from undertaking any larger movement. In artillery work we had shown ourselves conspicuously superior to the Bulgarians, and our activity of the autumn won us immunity from attack during the winter trench warfare. The British had performed the task assigned to them, and immobilized Todorov while Sarrail's left wing was creeping nearer to Monastir.

british battleship off salonika

British battleship off Salonika

November 17

27811 6 BEANE, CHARLES HARRY Private 17/11/1916 24 Son of Charles Harry and Kezia Beane, of Waxham, Stalham, Norwich
27792 6 SIMS, HERBERT ERNEST Corporal 17/11/1916 29 Son of Mr. J. and Mrs. A. Sims, of Gibbet Vale, Markham, Great Yarmouth


November 26

13304 6 BROE , E Private 26/11/1916 na Husband of Mrs. B. Broe, of 26, Whitefriar St., Dublin



The Salonika Campaign